Aspidimorpha (s. str.) miliaris (Fabricius, 1775)

Cassida miliaris Fabricius, 1775: 91 (ST! in BMNH!, ZMK), 1781: 111, 1787: 64, 1792: 300, 1801: 400; Goeze, 1777: 211; Gmelin, 1787: 1640; Olivier, 1790: 385, 1808: 943 (incl. fig.); Herbst, 1799: 312; Schönherr, 1817: 222; Zimsen, 1964: 91; Basilevsky, 1972: 247.

Aspidomorpha miliaris: Boheman, 1854: 26 1, 1856: 106, 1862: 259; Baly, 1863: 13; Gemminger and Harold, 1876: 3650; Wollaston, 1877: 215; Duvivier, 1881: 49; Weise, 1892 c: 385; 1896: 16, 1897: 102; 1901a: 52; Spaeth, 1900 b: 23, 1903 a: 138, 1912 d: 116, 1914 g: 69, 1926 c: 117, 1932 d: 135, 1938 a: 231; Schultze, 1908: 264 (biology); Maulik, 1916: 584; 1919: 270 (incl. larva, pupa, fig.), 334; Gressitt, 1938 a: 189; 1938 c: 579; 1939: 140; 1952: 465 (incl. fig., pupa); Hincks, 1953: 69; Chen and Zia, 1961: 441; Gressitt and Kimoto, 1963: 952 (incl. fig., pupa); Vazirani, 1972: 147; Takizawa, 1980 a: 28 (larva, pupa); 1985 a: 5; 1987: 526; Medvedev and Dan, 1982: 95; Medvedev and Eroshkina, 1982: 104, 105; 1988: 123; Lizhong, 1982: 53; 1989: 86; Yu, 1983: 795, 1986: 682, 2002: 466; Zaitsev and Medvedev, 1983: 140 (larva); Borowiec , 1985 a: 26; 1990 a: 686; Chen et al., 1986: 584, 636, pl. XIV (incl. colour fig.); Manjunatha et al., 1986: 704-708 (bionomy); Basu and Halder, 1987: 237; Verma, 1988: 2; Kimoto, 1991: 26, 1998: 28 (incl. colour photo), 2005: 107 (incl. photo); Mohamedsaid, 1993: 44 (colour photo), 1994: 370, 2000 a: 359, 2000 b: 375, 2004: 193; Medvedev, 1995: 20, 1997: 265, 2000: 25; Kimoto et al., 1995: 105 (incl. photo); Kimoto and Chu, 1996: 133; Ramesh, 1996: 140-142; Reid, 1997: 39; Sprecher-Uebersax, 1997: 161; Sumana Saha and Raychaudhuri, 1997: 75; Haitlinger, 1998: 5 (phoretic mites); Medvedev and Sprecher-Uebersax, 1999: 348; Kalaichelvan and Verma, 2002: 110-111 (ootheca); Hartmann and Medvedev, 2003: 180.

Aspidomopha [sic] miliaris: Weise, 1910 a: 143.

Aspidimorpha miliaris: Borowiec, 1992 c: 148 (incl. fig.), 1996 b: 11, 2001 e: 502, 2009 d: 442; Verma and Kalaichelvan, 2004: 217 (polymorphism); Kalaichelvan et al., 2004: 92; Kalaichelvan and Verma, 2005: 1840; Borowiec and Świętojańska, 2007: 287; Sultan et al., 2008: 99 (host plants); Haitlinger, 2009 b: 70 (parasites), 2009 c: 327 (parasites).

Aspidomorpha milialis [sic]: Kimoto, 1981a: 57.

Aspidimorpha (Aspidimorpha) miliaris: Borowiec, 1999 d: 192; Świętojańska, 2001 c: 132 (incl. fig., colour photo); Ghate et al. 2003: 524; Sekerka, 2004: 124, 2006 c: 90; Borowiec and Sekerka, 2010: 368.

Aspidomorpha miliaris ab. flaveola Weise, 1910: 143 (ST! in ZMHU!); Spaeth, 1914 g: 69.

Aspidomorpha miliaris ab. inundata Weise, 1910: 143 (ST! in ZMHU!); Spaeth, 1914 g: 69.

Cassida quatuordecim-punctata Olivier, 1808: 943 (TE in ?, incl. fig.); Boheman, 1856: 204, 1862: 487; Gemminger and Harold, 1876: 3650; Spaeth, 1914 g: 69 (as syn. of miliaris).

Aspidomorpha celebensis Blanchard, 1853: 316 (TE in ?MNHN); Boheman, 1962: 281; Gemminger and Harold, 1876: 3648; Weise, 1896 c: 16 (as syn. of amplissima).

Aspidomorpha celenbensis [sic!]: Kimoto, 1998: 29.

Aspidomorpha amplissima Boheman, 1854: 260 (LT! in NRS!, PLT! in IZPAS!), 1856: 106, 1862: 259; Gemminger and Harold, 1876: 3648; Weise, 1896 c: 16 (as syn. of miliaris); Węgrzynowicz and Wąsowska, 1996: 40.

Host plant: Convolvulaceae: Calonyction bona-nox, Convolvulus sp., Ipomoea triloba, I. pescaprae, I. batatas (Gressitt, 1952); Ipomoea sp. (Takizawa, 1980, 1985 a; Medvedev and Dan, 1982); Ipomoea angulata, I. batatas, I. palmata (Manjunatha et al., 1986); Ipomoea carnea, I. aquatica (Ramesh, 1996); Ipomoea carnea, I. sp. (Ghate et al., 2003); Ipomoea fistulosa, I. palmata, I. violacea (Kalaichelvan et al., 2004); Ipomoea carnea fistulosa (Sultan et al., 2008).

Distr.: miliaris: insula St. Helenae; flaveola: Philippinen; inundata: Manila; quatuordecimpunctata: Amérique méridionale; celebensis: Makassar (Îles Celebes); amplissima: Manilla. Andaman Is. Bangladesh; Burma; China: Guandong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan; Hongkong; India; Indonesia; Laos; Malaysia; Nepal; New Guinea; Pakistan; Philippines; Thailand; Vietnam.

figure: habitus in colour (forms from new Guinea and Philippines)
figure:
habitus in colour (typical forms)
figure:
habitus in colour (dark forms)
figure:
live specimen
figure:
larva and pupa
figure:
ootheca and larval cycloalexy
figure:
pupal cycloalexy
figure:
Ipomoea fistulosa - host plant

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